Theory Test Information


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From 23rd January 2012, the Driving Standards Agency is making changes to the UK driving Theory Test. From this date onwards, the DSA will add new multiple-choice Theory Test questions to the test. The DSA will not let anyone publish these new Theory Test questions, so they will not appear in any product, nor on any website. However, the DSA will continue to release official DSA Theory Test revision questions,


The multiple-choice part

Before the test starts you'll be given instructions on how it works.


You can choose to do a practice session of multiple-choice questions to get used to the layout of the test. At the end of the practice session the real test will begin.


How the multiple-choice part works

A question and several possible answers will appear on a computer screen - you have to select the correct answer. Some questions may need more than one answer.


You can move between questions and 'flag' questions that you want to come back to later in the test.


Some car and motorcycle questions will be given as a case study. The case study will:

show a short story that five questions will be based on
focus on real life examples and experiences that you could come across when driving


Multiple-choice test types

Category Time Allowed Pass Mark
Car and motorcycle 57 Minutes 43 out of 50


Before you start the hazard perception part, you'll be shown a short video clip about how it works.

You'll then be shown a series of video clips on a computer screen. The clips:

 - feature everyday road scenes
 - contain at least one developing hazard - but one of the clips will feature two developing hazards


A developing hazard is something that may result in you having to take some action, such as changing speed or direction.


How the hazard perception scoring works

The earlier you notice a developing hazard and make a response, the higher you will score. The most you can score for each developing hazard is five points.


To get a high score you need to:

 - respond to the developing hazard during the early part of its development
 - press the mouse button as soon as you see a hazard developing


You won't be able to review your answers to the hazard perception test.


If you click continuously or in a pattern during a clip a message will appear at the end. It will tell you that you have scored zero for that particular clip.


An example of when to respond to a hazard

Think of a parked car on the side of the road. When you first see it, it isn't doing anything - it's just a parked car. If you respond at this point, you wouldn't score any marks, but you wouldn't lose any marks.


The difference between a potential and developing hazard

When you get closer to the car, you notice that its right-hand indicator starts to flash. This would make you think that the driver of the car is going to move away. The hazard is now developing and a response at this point would score marks.


The indicator coming on is a sign that the car has changed from a potential hazard into a developing hazard.


When you get closer to the car, you'll probably see it start to move away from the side of the road. You should make another response at this point.


Hazard perception test types

Category Video Clips Developing Hazards Pass Mark
Car 14 15 44 out of 75


If you are a learner driver you must take and pass your theory test before you book your practical test. If you already have a driving licence you might not have to take another theory test if you want to start driving a different vehicle.

UK licence holders

You will need to take a theory test if you want a licence for a new category of vehicle, for example, if you have a car licence and you want a motorcycle licence you will need to take a theory test.


If, however, you want to upgrade within a vehicle category you will not normally need to take a theory test, for example, if you have a full automatic car licence and you want a manual car licence you will not have to take a theory test.


It is your responsibility to make sure you have the correct licence for the vehicle you are driving. If you are unsure if you need to take a theory test please contact the Driving Standards Agency (DSA), or the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA).


The hazard perception part is delivered on a computer and you respond by clicking a button on the mouse. You will be presented with a series of 14 video clips which feature every day road scenes, in each clip there will be at least one developing hazard, but one of the clips will feature two developing hazards.


To achieve a high score you will need to respond to the developing hazard during the early part of its development. The maximum you can score on each hazard is five.


Recognition of available clues and perception of danger are skills that are necessary in all drivers and riders, irrespective of the vehicle used. For this reason, the same version of the hazard perception test is used for all categories of test. Below are some useful theory test links.


Official DSA theory test page


Important Information

You must bring the following with you to your test:

 - your valid signed GB (or Northern Ireland) photocard licence – both the photocard and paper counterpart must be presented or,
 - your old style valid signed GB (or Northern Ireland) paper driving licence and valid passport; (holders of non-UK passports should check that they are eligible to take a driving test here)


It is a legal requirement to produce your licence and photographic evidence. If you do not bring these items with you, or you are late for your test, you will not be allowed to sit your test and you will lose your fee.


Re-schedule Policy

If you need to reschedule your test, you must allow at least three clear working days before your test date, to avoid losing your fee. For example to reschedule a test booked for a Friday you must inform us on the previous Monday.


Cancellation Policy

If you need to cancel your test, you must allow at least three clear working days before your test date, to avoid losing your fee. For example to cancel a test booked for a Friday you must inform us on the previous Monday.


General Rules

Please turn up at the test centre 15 minutes before your appointment is due, so that you can check in.


All test centres are audio and visually monitored for quality and security purposes.


Personal Items are NOT allowed into a testing room and must be placed in a locker. Personal items include, but are not limited to: mobile phones, ear pieces/ear phones, laptops/hand-held computers/personal digital assistants (PDAs) and other electronic devices, pagers, handbags, purses, wallets, hats, bags, coats, books, revision notes, dictionaries, note paper, pens, watches, food and drink.


If you are found with any of the above prohibited items in the testing room, your test will be stopped, you will be asked to leave the premises and will lose your test fee


For further information on what documents you must bring to the test centre, please visit direct.gov.uk/theorytestdocuments

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